Want to learn how to paint a room like a pro? Here’s a clue: you don’t need tape to protect fixtures and surfaces from drips and streaks. What you need are painting techniques that will let you achieve professional results and save time. So drop the tape and read on for tips on how to paint like a professional.

Step 1: Gather What You Need

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Step 2: Get Things Out of the Way

To achieve professional results, don’t put tape on plastic fixtures such as:

Unscrew and remove the plates and covers instead. Set them aside to be re-attached later. For central vacuums, which are wired with low voltage, pull the vacuum cover a half-inch out from the wall, but don’t remove it. This approach will give your brush enough room to paint around the fixtures and also helps you spot any signs of damage that may have previously occurred. 

Step 3: Prepare Your Wall

Fix Imperfections

Pro Tip: Until you make the wall surface perfect, there’s no sense in adding paint. 

Before you start painting, inspect your wall for nail holes, dents, nicks, scratches and other imperfections. 

To fix small holes (such as those made by nails or screws) use the butt of the 5-in-1 tool to create a dent in the drywall where the hole is. This can be done by pressing the butt of the tool against the drywall and turning it about 75 degrees. This process will create larger dents that can be easily filled with drywall compound, and it will smooth out any bumps around the edge of the hole.

Pro Tip: Use Sheetrock 45 to skip priming

Spackling paste is an effective way to fill holes in drywall, but you have to prime the patches afterwards which adds an extra step in the painting process. Alternatively, you can use drywall compounds, but the problem is most shrink when they dry or remain visible under layers of paint, which is known as “flashing”. 

Use Sheetrock 45 to cover up imperfections and straighten outside corners without the need to prime the patches afterwards (Sheetrock 45 does not require priming before you paint over it). Mix the Sheetrock 45 powder with some water in a pail and stir it up with a paint mixing blade. Or you can use the volcano technique which can be seen in my video DIY How to Paint Like a Pro Series A to Z. 

Sand The Surface

Pro Tip: Use a large drywall sanding tool for wall surfaces and a sanding block for corners.

Now that you’ve fixed your imperfections, it’s time to sand. This process will remove dirt and make the wall as smooth as possible. Use drywall sanding tools like the Radius 360 sander to allow for mobility in all directions. With a full 9” diameter, you’ll get the sanding done quickly. 

Remember: the key when sanding is gentle pressure. If you sand too hard, you’ll create valleys in the drywall that will need to be filled in with more compound, and you’ll be starting the whole process over again. 

If you’ve added compound to any of your outside corners, use a sanding block to achieve a smooth square edge.

Step 4: Paint

Cutting In

Cutting in refers to painting with your 3-inch angle paintbrush. You’ll use your brush to paint around any fixtures, cover plates or sockets, as well as along the edges of corners. 

Pro Tip: Paint using an empty can to avoid making a mess.

If you paint using a full can, you’ll get drips everywhere. So grab your empty paint can and pour about an inch of paint into it. Then take your paintbrush and press it into the bottom of the can and stir it around so it becomes saturated. Once your paintbrush is full of paint, wipe each of the four edges against the inside rim of the can, and you’ll see that the inside of the brush is full of paint and the outside isn’t dripping. This is what I mean when I say “paint from the inside of the brush”.

Now you’re ready to cut.

Lead with the heel (shorter side) of your brush. Apply pressure to the brush so that the bristles splay out to the point when you want your paint line to end. With a little practice, this technique can be very precise. 

Cutting should be used for the first and second coat in the following areas: 


Rolling refers to using your paint roller to cover the large open surfaces of the wall. A roller stick attachment with a locking pin will make it easier to reach high areas and give you more control.

Pro Tip: Paint in the direction where your cage is pointing. 

Pour some paint into your tray and gently push the roller through the paint until it’s saturated. Then roll the excess paint off your roller using the top section of the tray to avoid drops.

Start about a foot from the ceiling and guide the roller down the wall in a straight line without pressure. Then go back up, adding a little more pressure as you go. The difference is pressure is to account for the transfer of paint from the roller to the wall (the more saturated the roller is, the less pressure you need to effectively cover the surface). Paint in sections of about 2 rollers wide on your first coat, and then about 3 rollers wide on your second coat. Don’t forget to roll over your cuts to create a uniform eggshell finish. 

After applying the first coat, wait for it to dry, gently sand the whole surface again, and then apply the second coat. If there’s any flashing after the first coat, the second coat should cover it up. 

Once you’ve finished the second coat, you finally have a newly-painted wall.

Professional painting is as much about efficiency as it is about accuracy. We hope these tips help you achieve the great results you’re looking for.

For more information on how to paint like a pro, check out our videos and subscribe to our mailing list.

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Scope Out Your Project

As always, if you’re replacing ​faucets​, your choices depend on the fixtures you’re keeping. You’ll need to match your new faucets to your tub/shower configuration, bathroom décor, the finish of other faucets in the room, and other details such as a tub or tub deck that is already drilled with a certain number of holes. There are also technical issues to consider when it comes to tub and shower faucets.

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If you are planning a full renovation or building new, depending on your available space you can consider several options for washing off the cares of the day:

Budget matters

Be sure to leave adequate funds in your renovation budget for your ​bathtub and shower faucets​; don’t treat them as an afterthought. These fixtures will contribute both beauty and pleasure to the retreat you create.

All About Valves

Let’s begin our discussion with the technical issues we mentioned above.

The ​valve​ is the plumbing part that controls your water flow. You don’t see it because it is covered by the ​control handle​ and escutcheon, or wall plate. The valve controls the pressure and temperature of the water in your bath or shower.

The part of your faucet you don’t see—the v​ alve—​ may be the most important part of all.

The valve is often referred to as a ​”rough-in valve”​ because it’s roughed into the wall frame during construction and welded into the hot and cold water supplies. In new construction or a complete renovation, it works like this: the valve goes into the wall; the ​shower stall​ orshower system​ is put into place; and finally, the faucet set or trim kit is installed with the handle/control panel covering the valve.

By the way, “Trim” refers to the decorative, visible parts of your ​shower​ or ​combo tub/shower faucet​ set: ​control and handle​, ​showerhead​, and ​tub spout​.

“Trim” refers to the decorative, visible parts of your tub/shower faucet set. The trim kit is installed over a valve.

What if you are not sure you want to get into a full bath renovation, and you’re wondering if you can just install a fresh new trim kit for a quick update?

If you only read one thing in this article, read this!

If you purchase a trim kit, you need to make sure that you have the proper valve installed in the wall to receive it. Don’t assume you can simply install a new tub/shower faucet over an existing valve.

So if you’re replacing your shower and tub faucets, some planning is required. However, it’s not too complicated once you know the basics:

Valves in renovations

Old valves don’t just pop out once you remove the trim kit. Your plumber will need to open up the wall, cut out the old valve, and weld the new one into place. A quick, easy shower faucet update is only an option if you can buy a new ​trim kit​ to fit your existing valve as outlined above.

As we mentioned above, if you are replacing the entire ​shower​ or ​shower/tub​ your contractor will have access to the ​valve​. If not, here are some other options:

● If you are lucky enough to have a closet or other hidden surface on the other side of the wall, your contractor may be able to go in from behind.

● Do a mini-update: Replace the ​cartridge​ in your old valve to improve performance and buy a snazzy new ​showerhead​, matching the finish to your existing ​control plateand ​tub spout​.

Types of valves

Most tub and shower valves are pressure balancing valves, in fact, some building codes require these as an anti-scalding measure. These valves correct for temporary fluctuations caused by water usage elsewhere in the building by simply balancing the amount of hot and cold water in the mix. They have a single control for pressure and temperature.

The Cadillac of shower valves is the ​thermostatic valve​. These valves regulate the temperature of the water itself, not just the mix, based on a preset preference. The thermostatic valve requires two handles, one to regulate temperature and one for on/off and pressure. You will most likely encounter this type of valve in a higher-end shower faucet or shower system.

Bathtub & Shower Faucet Configurations

Tub/shower combo faucets

The majority of houses and apartments still feature the standard ​tub/shower combo​ in the full bath: a bathtub with a showerhead and tub spout mounted on the wall. These fixtures usually share a common handle and diverter, which is the lever, button or other mechanism that switches the water flow from tub to shower.

Shower-only trim kits

Shower-only trim kits​, like combo trims, require a separate valve unless otherwise specified in the product description. They usually include a control and a showerhead. A shower-only faucet may offer you the option of a thermostatic valve.

Tub-only faucets

Depending on your choice of tub, here are your faucet mounting options:

Deck mount​: This can refer to either a faucet mounted on the rim of the tub itself or in a surrounding deck made of marble, tile, etc. Pipes are concealed. This category includes ​roman tub fillers​, a very popular style which may require a separate valve.

Floor mount​ (also called free standing): An option for a tub without pre-drilled holes such as a soaking tub or vintage-look clawfoot tub. The water supply is installed in the floor; the exposed pipes, rising above the tub rim, are often attached to the tub or wall for support.

Wall mount​: An alternative for a freestanding tub that is close to a wall. Your plumber will bring the water supply up behind the wall so the pipes are concealed and your beautiful new faucet has center stage.


Showerheads​ have become the star of many bathroom renovations, with a myriad of sizes, spray patterns, and luxury features available. In addition, showerheads are usually not that difficult to change. This is one luxury that does not have to drain your piggy bank.

Showerheads​ come in all shapes, sizes, and price ranges.
Low-flow showerheads​ utilize advanced technology to provide an optimum experience with minimum water usage.

Check product specs to see if your showerhead requires a ​shower arm​, and if so, whether it is included or sold separately.

Showerhead Mounts

Fixed showerheads​ can be mounted on your shower wall or ceiling. They may be basic or elaborate, single function or multifunction. Even many of the simplest, most economical fixed showerheads swivel to allow you to adjust for bathers of different heights.

Handheld showers​ have become a phenomenon in the U.S., but they’re not really new. They have been popular in Europe for a long time. They offer several advantages, including the flexibility to aim the spray wherever you like on your body or bring it down to a child, pet, or a pair of sandy feet. Plus, the cleaner-upper in the family will love the ability to rinse down the entire shower area.

A solo ​handshower​ can serve as a fixed head when on its ​slide bar​ or bracket. Or you can choose a combination fixed/handheld unit, either integrated or side by side.

Showerhead Shapes and Sizes

Showerheads​ can be circular, square or rectangular. Size-wise you can go from a compact 3-inch round model for a small space to an opulent 20+ inch ceiling unit that makes you feel like you are standing out in a field under a warm, gentle rain shower.

Don’t go by size alone: A small showerhead with a large number of high-quality spray channels may deliver a better flow than a larger fixture of lower quality.

Showerhead Functions and Spray Patterns

Showerheads​ can provide everything from a single basic spray to seven or eight luxurious functions. Different manufacturers offer a variety of patterns, such as ​rainshower​, fast and slow massage, aerated spray, whirl, soft drench, and more. Some units even offer combined functions so you can have two spray patterns at once.

Showering Green

Government standards now mandate that showerheads use a maximum of 2.5 gallons of water per minute (gpm) at a standard 80psi (pounds per square inch) pressure. ​Low-flow showerheads​ use 2 gpm or less.

Going low-flow benefits both the planet and your wallet every time you shower. Hot water is one of the most significant utility expenses, and you can save dollars a day right away with a more efficient showerhead.

Manufacturers have created technologies that offer the same feel as a 2.5 gpm shower, such as mixing air with the water droplets, in products that use 1.5 or even a single gallon per minute.

Shower Systems

Whether you are renovating or building new, installing a ​shower system​ is a big job, especially if you design your own custom system instead of purchasing a prepackaged system. We’ll start with some basics.

Hire a contractor who has successfully installed ​shower systems​ for other customers.

Shower systems​ can include a combination of ​valves​, ​volume controls​, d​ iverters​,showerhead(s)​, ​body sprays​ and h​ andshowers​. Some systems may incorporate a ​tub filleras well. You can set up your shower system to accommodate a single bather, or with adequate space, two at a time.

The real challenge takes place behind the scenes. You and your contractor will need to evaluate your current plumbing system carefully, or plan ahead if you are building new. You will need to make sure you have adequate water pressure, hot water supply and drainage, among other things.

The positioning of the various components is vital. Small errors, such as measuring from the subfloor instead of finished floor height for the installation of the body sprays, can cause disappointment when you step inside your fabulous new shower.

You will also want to consider the heights of the various users and position outlets with everyone’s comfort in mind.

Consult with your contractor before you decide to incorporate a low flow showerhead into a shower system. Performance is more of an issue when water pressure is divided among multiple outlets.

Shower System in a Box

If you don’t have the space or resources to install a full-out custom system, some manufacturers offer packages made up of several fixtures, such as the ​Symmons MuseoTM system​.

As one of the most used features in your home, choosing the right kitchen faucet is not a decision to take lightly. This comprehensive guide gives you all the information you need to make a good choice. Find comprehensive tips on faucet mount, number of holes needed for installation, picking the right faucet style, finish, and features and how to measure for kitchen faucet size and reach. This guide also includes a comparison of pros and cons for kitchen faucet finishes.

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Measuring For Kitchen Faucet Size and Reach

It’s important to check every aspect of the size of your faucet before you order. First, you need to address size as it relates to functionality. Second, to look balanced, your faucet should be in proportion to the sink. A large faucet would visually overpower a small prep sink, while a small faucet might look odd in a large sink and countertop area.


You may find height expressed as deck to top of faucet and/or deck to aerator. Make certain you are choosing a faucet with adequate height to accommodate the items you’ll be washing or filling. The higher the spout, the easier it is to fit tall pots under it for filling or cleaning. If you have a shelf above your sink or a wide window ledge, a tall faucet may not fit.


This important (and often overlooked!) measurement refers to the horizontal distance from the faucet spout to its point of connection with the sink or countertop. In other words, how far the faucet extends into the sink. This measurement determines how large an arc your faucet can cover within the sink basin. This aspect of your faucet also needs to be coordinated with your sink size so the water stream does not hit too far back or forward within the basin.

A pull-out or pull-down spout helps minimize a mismatch, but you’ll still want your faucet to be aimed correctly with the spout in place. Also if you have a sink with two or three basins, you want to make sure the faucet reach is adequate enough to reach all the bowls of the sink. As a rule of thumb, the water flow should hit the drain while the faucet is on and not the sink. Measure the distance from the faucet holes to the middle of the drain to get the proper distance.

Clearance to backsplash

Let’s say you fall in love with a faucet whose single handle controls temperature by rotating back. You bring it home and install it, and it looks fabulous. Then you turn it on…and find out that the handle hits your backsplash before it’s fully extended. Check the product specifications to see if there is a minimum recommended clearance to backsplash. Make sure the space between your backsplash and the handle allows for the recommended measurement, or select a faucet whose handle(s) have only forward motion to operate.


When you shop kitchen faucets you will see terms like “8-inch center spread”. This refers to the distance from the center of one hole to the center of the farthest hole on the other side. Some widespread kitchen faucets come with flexible water line hoses that allow for some variance in spread.

Choose Your Kitchen Sink Faucet Mount

Many sinks come predrilled with holes for the faucet, so if you are simply replacing a faucet or you already have a predrilled sink, you know what you’ve got to work with.

You may have more flexibility if you are doing a build or remodel and you haven’t yet purchased your sink. Or perhaps you are doing a new countertop with an undermount sink, so you won’t be restricted to a certain number of holes. You may even have decided that your new faucet is going to be plumbed and mounted in the wall.

If that’s the case, you can move on to choosing your kitchen faucet style. If you do need to pay attention to the number of holes your faucet requires, keep reading.

How many holes do I need?

Some faucets may fool you: they look like they need three holes, but really it’s two. Or vice versa. Always check the faucet specifications–don’t go by looks alone. Here are some general guidelines:

Can I add holes to my sink?

Some lighter material sinks come with circles stamped on them to allow you to drill out the desired number of holes, but be wary of drilling additional holes in sinks that weren’t specifically designed for it. (FYI, be careful about drilling new holes in existing countertops for deck mounted faucets as well. It’s usually better to have the holes put into a countertop before installation.)

What if my sink has too many holes?

For example: You bought a two-hole sink intended for a single handle faucet with a side sprayer, but now you’ve got your eye on a pull-down faucet so you no longer need the sprayer.

Some faucets can be installed with an ​escutcheon​, or decorative plate, to cover the holes. (Check to see if the faucet you are ordering comes with one, or you need to order it separately.) Or you can get covers for the extra holes, but not everyone likes the look.

Choose Your Kitchen Sink Faucet Style

Select a kitchen faucet style that fits your kitchen décor

Just like furniture or architecture, kitchen fixtures come in many styles like ​contemporary​, traditional​, ​transitional​, ​craftsman and farmhouse​, ​modern​, ​industrial​ and more.

Traditional Faucets

Traditional style kitchen sink faucets feature classic architectural forms, curved surfaces, and charming Old World or European motifs.

Modern and Contemporary Faucets

Modern and contemporary kitchen faucets are more streamlined with simple, sharper lines and can have clean, rounded forms or be more angular.

Transitional Faucets

Transitional blends the best of modern and traditional with more detailing than contemporary designs, but sleeker than traditional.

Industrial Faucets

Industrial style kitchen faucets use factory-inspired design details such as industrial-style lever, wheel, or cross handles, exposed springs, knurled detailing, and rustic or vintage finishes.

Craftsman and Farmhouse Faucets

Craftsman and farmhouse kitchen faucet styles lean more in the traditional camp, but incorporate richer or vintage finishes such as bronze, copper, and aged brass.

We’ve classified our faucet styles to make it easy to match faucets to the predominant style in your home.

Kitchen faucet spout types

High arc​ (also called gooseneck) faucets come in many sizes and shapes and are great for filling large vessels or washing big pots. They add an elegant note to an ever-expanding variety of decors.

Pull-down​ and ​pull-out​ faucets offer varied spray patterns you control with a button. The spouts extend from the faucet on sturdy hoses and retract back into the spout, usually with a spring-activated mechanism or magnetic docking system.

Bridge​ faucets are usually compatible with a more traditional decorating scheme. Check the number of holes required as that can vary with bridge styles.

Kitchen faucet handles

A single handle faucet has the handle incorporated into the spout. This style, which mixes both hot and cold water with a single lever, can be easier to use if your hands are full of rutabagas or cupcake pans. Some people prefer the more traditional look of ​double handles as well, meaning the hot/cold ​handles​ are separate.

Choose Special Features For Your Kitchen Faucet

Touch and hands-free kitchen faucets

It’s Catch-22, you need to turn on the faucet to wash off the chicken juice or fingerpaint, but you don’t want to touch your faucet with those dirty hands. The best solution is to get a one-touch faucet that features touch technology, which allows you to turn on the water by touching the spout or handles with any part of your hand or arm.

Or go for the next step: a completely hands-free faucet that turns on when you pass your hands below the spout. (We have heard from cat owners that both types of faucets may occasionally turn on when you aren’t around…)

Water-conserving faucets

When a faucet is labeled with the ​WaterSense®​ symbol you know it meets water saving specifications designated by the EPA. This means it is designed with a maximum flow rate of ​1.5 gallons per minute (gpm)​. With a quality faucet, you should not notice any difference in flow during everyday use.

ADA-certified faucets

ADA stands for Americans with Disabilities Act. Although the term is sometimes used to refer to accessibility concerns in general, strictly speaking it refers to government legislation requiring public buildings and facilities to be adapted for people with special requirements.

To be labeled as ADA compliant, faucets must be operable with one hand without tight grasping or twisting, and able to be activated using a maximum of five pounds of force. In addition, hand-operated metering faucets must remain open for at least ten seconds.

ADA certification tells you that a particular product meets government standards for accessible design. If you are building or renovating a home, you still need to evaluate whether that product provides features that meet your particular needs. Other accessibility building and renovation terms you may encounter include adaptive living and aging in place.

Bar and prep faucets

These are often smaller versions of full size kitchen sink faucet models. They are designed for a secondary ​prep sink​ in the kitchen or for the ​bar sinks​ in kitchen, home theater,

recreation room, man cave, or anywhere else you entertain. In addition to being slightly smaller than kitchen sink faucets these models typically have less reach, as they are designed to be used with smaller sinks. They can be available with pull-down or pull-out spouts, one handle or two, in a variety of finishes so you can coordinate with other fixtures in the room.

Most manufacturers use the combined term “bar/prep”, but others designate them separately. They are really interchangeable depending on the features you desire. These faucets are also great for a small main sink as they are less likely to splash or visually overwhelm the sink.

“Semi-pro” faucets

Passionate home cooks can now purchase a professional style ​pull-down faucet​ similar to those used in restaurants and commercial food prep facilities. They offer powerful spray action as well as control and flexibility. These faucets are sometimes referred to as “prep” faucets, which refers to their commercial use; they are not usually a good match for a small residential prep sink.

Choosing Your Kitchen Faucet Finish

What is the faucet finish?

Finish refers to the coating on your faucet. Your finish can be different metals or colors, with a variety of textures including polished, brushed, satin, matte, and others. The finish serves two purposes: it is both decorative and protective.

Like many fixture features, when you spend a bit more you often get more in ways that you can’t really see. For example, two bronze faucets may look identical, but the process by

which the finish was applied might make one faucet more resistant to corrosion, abrasion, tarnish, and discoloration.

PVD​ (physical vapor deposition) is a fairly new process for bonding a finish to a faucet. With PVD, the finish becomes an integral part of the faucet rather than just a coating. Faucet finishes utilizing this process resist tarnish, scratches, and corrosion, and retain their good-as-new look for a long, long time. (Note: Finishes that are meant to age into a patina generally do not use PVD technology.)

The warranty on the finish varies from manufacturer to manufacturer and even for different finishes from the same manufacturer. Check before buying.

You certainly don’t have to spend hundreds of dollars to get a high quality finish. Just be sure you are getting the best value for the amount you can spend.

Finish pros and cons

The chart below shows a sampling of the most popular finishes. There are dozens of variations, with new ideas coming all the time from manufacturers trying to spark a new design trend. You will also find faucets with a combination of two finishes or an enamel/metal combination.

BrassGloss, satin, antiqueDurable, solid, enhances antique and vintage decorsCan be costly
BronzePolished, brushed, oil-rubbedResists scratching; complements neutral decorIf resale an issue, may not appeal to everyone’s taste, enhances traditional, Mediterranean, or rustic decor
ChromePolished, brushed, matteMost economical; durable; enhances many decors; resurging in popularityShows water marks – easy to clean but needs frequent wipe down
NickelSatin, brushed, polished;Durable, easy to clean, versatile; adds elegant, upscale note to decorSome models may scratch, tarnish; plating can wear off
Stainless SteelPolished, brushed, matteEconomical, won’t corrode or tarnish; enhances modern decorShows water marks; easy to clean, but needs frequent wipe down

Quality Matters

Start looking at kitchen sink faucets that you like and see how you feel about the prices. You may be surprised by the range. If you really love a faucet but the cost brings up visions of PB&J sandwiches for a year, ​contact us​. Our Riverbend Home Consultants can usually suggest alternatives that give you the same look at less expense. If you like a faucet style but you want features it doesn’t have, such as an all-brass body or a premium finish, we can help you upgrade as well.


Once upon a time, faucet material was a simple issue. The party line was that to avoid leaks and last a long time, faucets should be made of metal, inside and out. Brass has traditionally been considered the best metal for the job.

However, most metals, including brass, leach a tiny bit of lead into the water. Regulations limit the amount of lead that a faucets contains. Since the regulations took effect in 2014, manufacturers have decreased or eliminated the lead in residential faucets.

Some companies are using plastic in the faucet body. This is not a new practice, but was previously considered a sign of inferior quality. Now it is virtually the only way to produce a truly lead-free faucet (even faucets that may be advertised as “lead-free” allow .25 percent lead).

Other manufacturers are finding different ways to meet these standards. As with every aspect of your project, stay informed and ask questions.

In addition to considering the material used in your faucet, pay attention to the valve cartridge, as well. Washerless faucets, especially those utilizing the newer ceramic disc cartridges, are less likely to drip and they will last longer too.

Speaking of value…

Now you know that the inner body of the faucet is as important as the outer body, if not more so.

Sometimes, faucets sold in a big discount store employ quality short cuts that you won’t notice simply from appearance; a particular model may look identical to a faucet you like that is more expensive. Often these models bear off-brand house names, but these “special” versions are sometimes even marketed under a reputable brand name.

Buyer beware: If this is the case, you may save a few dollars at the cash register, but the inferior product may cost you money and time in the long run.

Design considerations

Most designers suggest that you coordinate your faucet finish with your other kitchen fixtures and appliances. For example, if you are adding a ​pot filler​, you can match the finish of your main kitchen faucet as closely as possible. Or if you have all stainless steel appliances, that’s a good choice for your fixtures as well.

Our advice? Take a deep breath and do whatever makes you happy. Some people prefer the exact same finish in every bath and their kitchen. Others go for a funky, eclectic mix right in the same room. It’s your home. Enjoy!

It takes a variety of light fixture types to achieve the perfect balance of warmth and brightness in any room. A mix of fixture styles also contributes to layered lighting—a design strategy that creates cozy nooks, welcoming large spaces, and the illumination you need for tasks from your kitchen counters to ​bathroom vanities.​ Read on for a primer on light fixture types you need to know whether you’re enhancing the brightness of a single room or designing the lighting for a new home. Let’s get started!

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Among the most versatile lighting in any home, ​lamps​ provide ambient light, task lighting, and are striking decor elements. Whether on a table or the floor, lamps can be relocated easily and redesigned with a quick swap out of ​lamp shades​. Styles of lamps include:

Table lamps

As their name suggests, these lamps are perfectly sized to fit on tables. They can vary from simple miniature lamps to large, sculptural pieces. Within the broad ​table lamp​ category you’ll find:

Side table lamps​ – These lamps are designed for side tables next to sofas and armchairs. You’ll discover side table lamps in every home decor style, from Craftsman to modern to farmhouse.

Bedside table lamps​ – The primary difference between side table and bedside table lamps is their placement. In essence, they are interchangeable. These lamps sit on the tables next to your beds with your favorite bedtime reading nearby. When choosing bedside lamps, choose styles you love while paying particular attention to bulb color—blue-spectrum bulbs are wakeful, while warm, gold-spectrum lights are more conducive to a good night’s rest.

Desk lamps​ – These lamps are versatile task lights with focused beams perfect for reading, writing, drawing, crafts, or any other activity requiring bright, concentrated light. Easy adjustability distinguishes desk lamps from other table lamps. Swing arms, hinges, springs, and rotating joints let you direct the light beam where you need it most.

Buffet lamps​ – Originally designed for buffet tables, these lamps are typically tall and often feature a long body. Use buffet lamps anywhere you prefer, but they are excellent options for ​accent tables​, such as consoles, ​cabinets​, and sofa tables.

Floor lamps

The bases of these tall lamps rest on the floor. Often, ​floor lamps​ provide ambient light as well as lighting for specific tasks, such as reading or writing. Floor lamp varieties include:

Club or stick floor lamps​ – These floor lamps stand tall and straight, typically with a shaded bulb (or bulbs). They provide ambient light.

Torchiere​ – The name derives from the French for ‘torch.’ The light from a torchiere floor lamp points upward towards the ceiling. Ambient light emanates from the lamp, as well as light reflected off the ceiling.

Adjustable floor lamps​ – Hinged arms, adjusters, swivels, and pole breaks allow you to change the height and angle of the floor lamps bulb and shade for more focused lighting.

Two-light (or more) floor lamps​ – These feature additional bulbs at the top for more light or a candelabra-style design. Or, they include a second, adjustable task light on the lamp pole.

Ceiling Lights

These light fixtures are installed in the ceiling to provide ambient and task lighting from above. ​Ceiling lights​ may have an understated silhouette or deliver gorgeous style in addition to abundant light. Styles of ceiling lights include:


These are lights that hang from the ceiling—think of a pendant hanging from a necklace. The fixture can hang from a fixed down rod that encloses the wire, a chain, or a reinforced

wire. ​Pendants​ can feature one bulb and shade, one exposed bulb, or a cluster of bulbs. They come in a nearly endless variety of styles, colors, and finishes, and are eye-catching accents in any room. You can also change up the look with pendant shades, which you can find in clear glass, frosted glass, and drum-style.


Cousins to pendants, chandeliers deliver an extra measure of drama. They are typically big (though you’ll find mini chandeliers) and showcase multiple lights (usually somewhere between two and twelve).

A tiered chandelier with curved light holders and hanging cut-crystal prisms are the classic style. But today’s chandeliers range from traditional to farmhouse to rustic to ultra-modern. With so many choices, you can choose a chandelier that matches your home design, or that stands out from the surroundings with a distinctive, artful design.

Island chandeliers

These chandeliers are big and bold with long, linear silhouettes and side-by-side bulbs. Island chandeliers​ are an excellent option over kitchen islands and dining room tables, and they make a distinctive statement over office desks. They can be understated and elegant or extravagant and attention-grabbing.

Flush and semi-flush mount lights

As their name suggests, the housing of flush mount fixtures attaches directly to the ceiling. Semi-flush fixtures feature a base (mounted to the ceiling) and a small arm or rod or arms that separate the light from the ceiling. Both styles are defined by their low-profiles—perfect for rooms with low ceilings or bold decor.

While often thought of as ‘standard’ ceiling lights, flush and semi-flush fixtures add abundant style to a room when chosen wisely. You’ll find these fixtures in Craftsman-inspired, contemporary, and Art Deco styles, and with etched or Tiffany-style glass shades that add artisan beauty to any space.

Recessed lights

The housing of these lights installs inside the ceiling, so all you see is the trim and the bulb. Recessed lighting is understated, takes up minimal real estate, and offers abundant light to rooms of any size. Because they favor simplicity, they don’t clash with other decorative

lighting elements and are an excellent option for light layering. You can aim recessed eyeball lights to provide task lighting or to brighten a painting or particular piece of decor.

Track lighting

With the option to move the position of light bulbs and the angle, track lighting is one of the most versatile fixtures. Track light styles favor modern finishes and silhouettes and deliver an industrial chic or contemporary vibe to a room. The tracks are mounted flush to the ceiling.

Ceiling fans

These fixtures pull double duty delivering light and breezes. Ceiling fans with lights make beautiful additions to great rooms, bedrooms, and kitchens, while also helping to improve the cooling and heating efficiency in your home. Ceiling fan lights match a range of home decor styles—from rustic, windmill fans to streamlined modern fans.

Under-cabinet lights

Enjoy light where you need it for meal prep and cleaning in the kitchen. Under-cabinet lights are long and simple—these fixtures are designed to cast a glow without being visible themselves. Beyond task lighting, they also highlight beautiful home accents and built-in architectural features, such as marble countertops, cabinets, and bookcases.

Wall Lights

The name speaks for itself: These fixtures install on the wall of a room to provide ambient, task, and accent lighting.


The design of wall sconces may be minimalist—a backplate, an arm, and one or two lights—but this small light fixture delivers big style. Sconces take up only a small amount of

wall space, which increases options for placement. You can also use them to connect the style of adjacent rooms and large, open floor plans.

You’ll find sconces to match your distinctive style, whether your home decor is country chic, Craftsman, ornate, or traditional.

Vanity lights

These lights illuminate your bathroom vanity from above and to the side of the mirror. Vanity lighting fixtures often showcase multiple bulbs in a row—either exposed or covered with shades. The bulb covers can face up towards the ceiling or down towards the sink. Some vanity lights are one long fixture, with frosted glass and a long LED bulb. You’ll find vanity lights to match your design style, whether you prefer Art Deco, contemporary, traditional, or industrial accents.

In addition to providing warm illumination to your home, light fixtures add style and decorative accents to every room. Choose these essential pieces of home decor with care and they’ll brighten and beautify your overall home design.

During any lighting installation or upgrade project, chances are you’ll wonder whether recessed or flush mount lights are your best option. Both are low-profile fixtures with a somewhat understated style. Depending on the space, you might need to choose between these common light styles. Here are helpful tips to help you make the best choice for your lighting project.

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What Is Recessed Lighting?

Recessed lighting positions a light source inside a wall, ceiling, or floor, projecting the light beam outward. This type of fixture includes ‘housing’ (which keeps the wires and electrical connections hidden from view) and ‘trim’ (which is the small, visible part that holds and frames the bulb).

The trim defines the style and function of recessed lights. Common types of trim include:

Pros and Cons of Recessed Lighting

Does the space for your project require abundant ambient lighting? Is bright light more important than style? Even though recessed light fixtures are stylish in their own right, their features are bulbs and brightness. Think of them as light backdrops for your décor, furniture, and wall art. Recessed lights provide accent, task, or ambient lighting, with some limitations.

Pros of Recessed Lights


What Is Flush Mount Lighting?

Flush mount light fixtures sit flush against the ceiling rather than hanging down on a chain, wire, or downrod. They are closely related to semi-flush mount lights and often used in similar spaces. Let’s take a closer look at both:

Flush mounts attach directly to the ceiling.​ More prominent than recessed lights, these fixtures accent room décor. They come in a wide variety of shapes, including square, round, bell, drum, and rectangular. And you’ll find flush mounts crafted in your preferred style, whether that’s Craftsman, farmhouse, traditional, or contemporary.

Semi-flush mounts hang from the ceiling.​ The difference between flush and semi-flush fixtures is a slight separation (about 4 to 8 inches) between the mount and the bulb section. They don’t hang as low as pendants or chandeliers. Like flush mounts, they run the gamut of style options.

Pros and Cons of Flush Mount Lighting

You can add warm light, lovely color, and exciting style to any room design with flush and semi-flush mount lights. Their wide variety of styles and finishes make them popular choices for illuminating indoor, as well as ​outdoor living​ spaces.



Indoor and Outdoor Lighting: Recessed vs. Flush Mount

Pretty much every space in your home can benefit from recessed or flush mount lights. The trick is knowing what benefits each one provides in specific spaces.

Where to use recessed lighting

To realize balance in a room, be sure to combine recessed lights with hanging fixtures, table and ​floor lamps​, and wall sconces. This produces a layered lighting effect and ensures the right amount of task, ambient, and accent lighting throughout your home.

Bathrooms love recessed lights.​ Small spaces, water, and moisture narrow your bathroom lighting choices. Use ​recessed lights in your bathroom​ to boost ​vanity lighting​ for personal care and other tasks, or space them around the room for general lighting. Wet-rated recessed fixtures are ideal for showers and immediately above bathtubs.

Get the job done in the kitchen.​ You can place recessed lights above food prep areas as task lighting, or throughout the entire kitchen for helpful illumination. Their clean look won’t draw attention away from a stylish lighting focal point like a pendant or chandelier. Their flat profiles make them excellent options for small walk-in pantries and alcoves.

Bring warmth to a bedroom, living room, or basement.​ Any major living space in the home is a good spot to place recessed lighting as an ambient light source. They can also provide good accent lighting—try positioning them in corners or close to the edges of the room to minimize shadows and produce stylish light washes on walls. Finally, recessed lights are must-haves for bedroom closets in tandem with a pretty chandelier.

Damp- and wet-rated recessed lights enhance outdoor spaces.​ Add them to most any overhang by a front, side, or back door to aid with security. They provide helpful ambient lighting on porches, sunrooms, and covered outdoor dining areas. You can also install recessed lights at ground level in decking and steps, or on a landscape wall to help family and friends navigate outdoor spaces.

Where to use flush mount lighting

Though more understated than pendants and chandeliers, flush and semi-flush mount lights can tie together a room and deliver abundant style. They are mainstays of entrance halls, offices, and bedrooms. Flush mount fixtures are an excellent option where headroom is a concern, adding beauty as well as light without hanging too low.

Illuminate busy areas with stylish, low-profile silhouettes.​ Hallways and stairwells see a lot of activity and need the illumination flush mount lighting delivers. Though entry halls often have high ceilings and benefit from ​foyer lighting​, you can opt for flush mount or semi-flush mount fixtures. In hallways, stairwells, and foyers, flush mount fixtures are highly visible—make sure they set the stage for your ​home décor​. A glass-paneled lantern presents sophisticated style, while a square dark brown fixture with seeded amber glass offers a Craftsman vibe.

Make flush mounts part of your kitchen and dining experience.​ One or two flush mount fixtures in the kitchen will help you find what you’re looking for in cabinets and light the sink while doing dishes. Just be sure to balance these lights perfectly. In homes with low ceilings or without formal dining rooms, an attractive semi-flush mount fixture is a good substitute for a chandelier, especially when paired with a dimmer.

Turn your bathroom into a spa-like retreat.​ Install a damp-rated flush or semi-flush mount fixture in nickel finish with a satin opal glass shade in the center of your bathroom.

This adds diffused light and contemporary style to help create a modern spa-like environment.

Add style and safety to covered outdoor spaces.​ ​Outdoor flush mount fixtures​ (wet- or damp-rated) offer stylish illumination and added security on porches or patio overhangs. They bring panache to evening gatherings, help you see who is at the door, and make sure people can navigate outdoor spaces with ease.

Finally, recessed and flush mounts often work well together as ceiling lights in large spaces. In tandem, they’ll provide abundant ambient light and undeniable style.

Modern. Sleek. Sophisticated.

ZLINE Kitchen and Bath’s core goal is to provide luxurious kitchen appliances that never compromise on value. As a result of continual innovation and detailed focus on product design, we are proud to introduce a new addition to the family.

Black stainless steel appliances have taken the industry by storm, and ZLINE continues to provide the latest and greatest with the new line of black stainless professional ranges, range hoods, and microwave drawer.

With black stainless, ZLINE provides a professional cooking experience and modern feel to kitchen spaces. Much like an elegant grand piano dressed in black, this sleek, sophisticated line of appliances are sure to make a grand impression.

How is Our Black Stainless Steel Made?

Many tests and trials have been made to accomplish the beautiful hue that is seen on our black stainless appliances. ZLINE’s black stainless finish is achieved by a technique called bluing, which has been used historically to modify the finish of gun barrels. Not only does this sleek finish add a fresh and modern upgrade, but the material is built to last.

Each black stainless range, range hood, and microwave drawer is meticulously crafted with the best components, combining style and performance to fit the expanding needs of kitchen capabilities.

The professional black stainless range features updated brass Italian burners, easy-slide ball-bearing oven racks, and solid-cast knobs. Enjoy the built-to-last black stainless range hood and microwave drawer through our upgraded electronics and features that are unmatched in the industry.

Why Black Stainless?

Black stainless has all of the benefits of classic stainless steel, but with a luxe color design. It’s bold, piano-black finish easily complements any kitchen style — whether you’re looking for it to completely blend in or showcase a beautiful contrast.

Plus, let’s face it—Black will never be out of style. With its unique finish and timeless design, ZLINE’s black stainless steel alone can become the centerpiece of your kitchen for years to come.

Become the host you always wanted to be this holiday season with the ZLINE black stainless kitchen suite. This elegant upgrade is sure to wow both the chef and dinner guests alike!

Questions? We have a dedicated in house customer service staff that can be contacted via phone (614) 777-5004 or by email zlinekitchen@gmail.com.

Elevate Your Kitchen Entertainment

The kitchen is undeniably the center of every home. Not only is it a place full of culinary creations, but it has become a safe haven for cherished family time. A space where time spent is complemented by our favorite sources for entertainment. Integrated with our high-performing, professionally styled appliances, ZLINE’s has utilized Bluetooth technology to take your kitchen experience to the next level.

We are incredibly proud to introduce the ZLINE CrownSound™️, a Bluetooth crown molding compatible for our most popular models of kitchen range hoods – a truly unique entertainment addition for your kitchen space.

Easily upgrade your current compatible range hood by simply swapping out or adding on the new crown moldings, or available as a bundle through our appliance retail partner

Seamlessly integrate the ZLINE Bluetooth Crown Molding with your designer kitchen suite

Never Miss A Beat

ZLINE CrownSound™️ transforms the elegant ceiling transition of ZLINE range hoods into a high-fidelity, Bluetooth sound system of incredible sonic capability – creating the ultimate entertainment area for you and your guests. With high-definition bass-boosted speakers, this upgrade is certain to create the ultimate kitchen atmosphere. Whether listening to your favorite morning podcasts while crafting breakfast, or spontaneous kitchen dance parties, you’ll be sure to never miss a beat.

CrownSound™️ is designed with convenience in mind. Easily pair your bluetooth compatible smart device up to 50 feet away for optimal access and control of audio in your kitchen. Never miss a beat with this integrated bluetooth technology, eliminating the need to re-charge traditional Bluetooth speakers.

Achieve a functional, modern upgrade that is perfectly harmonized in your favorite ZLINE range hood designs.

The ZLINE CrownSound™️ is compatible with wall range hood models including the KB, KL2, KL3, KE, 667, and 697.

For more information on ZLINE CrownSound™️, please view the video by clicking the image below.

Questions? We have a dedicated in house customer service staff that can be contacted via phone (614) 777-5004 or by email at zlinekitchen@gmail.com.

ZLINE Kitchen and Bath is excited to introduce a brand new bath faucet and shower bliss collection that will completely reimagine your bathroom experience. Showcasing a blend of style and durability, the all new bath collection is designed to be fully functional with a sleek, contemporary design. These exclusive bath sets intertwine an American style with European performance, featuring ceramic disc cartridge technology that offers precise, ergonomic control. The customizable bathroom systems include uniquely designed bath faucets available in six lavish finishes, and five complementary, multi-sensory Bliss Shower Systems. Achieve a truly elegant, harmonious bathroom upgrade with these attainable and luxurious additions.

Keep ZLINE Blue

ZLINE Kitchen and Bath’s home base and backyard is the beautiful, mountainous Lake Tahoe. Its crystal clear waters, historical landmarks, and lush greenery is the inspiration behind the bath faucet sets. Each faucet has been meticulously designed and tested to be flawlessly functional, while offering a unique touch from the stunning picture-perfect atmosphere of Lake Tahoe.

Stamped with a Lake Tahoe emblem, the faucets are guaranteed to be as luxurious and detailed as the blue waters they were founded on. Dive into a bathroom full of tranquility, warmth, and beauty with a ZLINE bathroom faucet.

What Makes ZLINE Shower Bliss Systems Unique?

When it comes to a perfect shower, luxury, convenience, and relaxation are key components. These three pillars are easily achieved through the features of ZLINE bliss shower systems, including impeccably designed hand-held technology.

Experience precise, ergonomic control by directing where the water goes with the movement of your own hands. ZLINE shower systems not only feature a detachable hand sprayer, but a blissful rain shower that recreates a calming storm for spa-like relaxation. It is one of understated sophistication and unlike anything else available to homeowners
today. For those looking for nothing but a rain shower of serenity and convenience, the ZLINE Bliss Shower Systems are truly unmatched.

Questions? We have a dedicated in house customer service staff that can be contacted via phone (614) 777-5004 or by email at zlinekitchen@gmail.com.

The kitchen is the hub of the home – A place of culinary creations, family traditions, and a vital part of the daily routine. Since kitchen appliances are used constantly, they are certain to succumb to everyday wear and tear. With ZLINE Kitchen and Bath’s breakthrough revolutionary finish, you can ensure your appliances are in pristine condition year after year.

As ZLINE Kitchen and Bath continues to showcase the essence of Attainable Luxury®, we are incredibly proud to introduce a full kitchen suite in the DuraSnow® finish. ZLINE is the exclusive manufacturer of DuraSnow® Stainless Steel, making a class of its own – now ranges, range hoods, dishwashers, and sinks are available in this proprietary finish.

What Sets DuraSnow® Apart?

Matching the beautiful complexion seen on stainless steel, ZLINE DuraSnow® appliances are made with a strong, industrial 304-grade material. This premium-grade steel deters the harshest of elements – weathering, rust, temperature, and corrosion-resistant properties allow for maximum durability and style.

DuraSnow® outshines its competitors due to its non-directional fingerprint and scratch-resistant finish – allowing you to easily combat everyday wear and tear on your appliances. When the tough gets going, DuraSnow remains resistant to Impress your guests at each and every holiday party with the consistent, sleek shine of your DuraSnow® kitchen suite.

Buff It Out

Accidents happen – especially when it comes to stainless steel. Before, if an accidental scratch was made on appliances, it was either a permanent eye-sore or a financial burden to resolve.

Now, you can have peace of mind knowing any scratches made on your ZLINE DuraSnow® appliances can be quickly and easily buffed out.

How is this done? With our soon-released DuraSnow® buffer pads, you can follow our simple-step remedy by buffing and following the non- directional brushed grain until it’s as good as new. Ensure your ZLINE appliances’ longevity and pristine finish with DuraSnow® appliances.

Questions? We have a dedicated in house customer service staff that can be contacted via phone (614) 777-5004 or by email at zlinekitchen@gmail.com.

The 1850’s saw a boom in the popularity of mouldings thanks to the invention of planing machines which could produce mouldings off-site at a much lower cost. Suddenly, elaborate decorative mouldings were much more accessible, albeit still difficult and expensive to install. Still more than a century and a half away from the sophisticated, lightweight mouldings technology available today, people lucky enough to have crown mouldings in their homes had to deal with the arduous task of maintaining wood and plaster prone to environmental wear and tear.

In the late 1980s, medium density fibreboard (MDF) hit the scene. Though MDF mouldings are more lightweight than earlier forms, they have the unfortunate disadvantage of releasing free formaldehyde, a known carcinogen, and other toxic compounds for at least several months after manufacture. MDF mouldings are also sensitive to environmental stressors, exhibiting significant shrinkage in low humidity, as well as warping and cracking. Today, we find ourselves in a golden era of mouldings. Plaster Coated Styrofoam (PCS) mouldings, complete with our proprietary flexible coating, are leaps and bounds beyond anything that came before them. They are 100% non-toxic, lightweight, durable, virtually immune to differences in humidity, and easy to install yourself. Best of all, they are available at a fraction of the installation cost of traditional mouldings. There’s a reason mouldings have been a consistent architectural feature for thousands of years, and it’s never been easier to continue this proud tradition in your own home or workspace.

If you don’t have interior crown moulding or ceiling beams in your home, you may be missing out on a goldmine of decorative potential. High-quality interior products bring a touch of elegance and detail to any room—and thanks to today’s manufacturing technology, it has never been more accessible. If you consider gorgeous interior crown mouldings and beams for your home out of reach for reasons of cost or convenience, consider the following.

Interior moulding used to involve difficult installation and steep price tags. Traditionally, mouldings are made of wood, plaster, or medium density fiberboard (MDF). Despite wood’s sturdy reputation, custom wood mouldings are subject to all manner of perils, like flammability, rot, and warping with changes in humidity. Plaster mouldings are expensive and fragile during transportation and handling. Both wood and plaster require lengthy, messy professional installation. MDF tends to have a low-quality look and is prone to cracking at the joints. Fortunately, today’s homeowner can enjoy beautiful, luxurious interior mouldings and beams at a fraction of the traditional cost. Our product, developed and manufactured in Canada, are no less visually stunning than traditional options, but are reasonably priced and durable. They feature a proprietary flexible coating that virtually eliminates the risk of cracking joints and breakage during and after installation.

Some of our customers have asked us how we can afford to offer high-quality products at such affordable prices. We manufacture our own products and sell through an exclusive network of dedicated distributors. This gives us an incomparable degree of quality control, which is the company ethos at NovaCrown.

Our mouldings and beams are strong, flexible, lightweight, and easy to install. Take advantage of the design potential hidden in your ceilings, and the spaces where your walls meet them, with the convenience and affordability of modern interior mouldings and beams.

NovaCrown Inc.
Phone: 1-844-999-4295
E-mail: info@novacrown.ca
Website: www.novacrown.ca